Frank Duarte

Composer, Conductor, Songwriter

Troops of the mustered armies


Troops of the Mustered Armies by Frank Duarte. Hear streaming audio on this page. Suitable for high school, college, and university bands, 3'30" minutes duration, Grade 4+.

Troops of the Mustered Armies was commissioned by and dedicated to and dedicated to the Koseto Brass & Woodwind Band of Seto City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan and Bandmaster Hachiro Ukai, for their 60th Anniversary of its founding (古瀬戸吹奏楽団(愛知県瀬戸市、団⾧長:鵜飼⼋八郎)の60周年記念に委任された曲です。)  


The work received its premiere performance by the Koseto Brass & Woodwind Band of Seto City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, on November 9, 2013.



Troops of the Mustered Armies is a military march in the strict and formal musical style of AA-BB-C-D-C-D- C or as simple put, in the style of the American military march.

This year, 2013, marks the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation. On January 1, 1863, as the nation entered its third year of civil war, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious states “are, and henceforward shall be free.” Despite this expansive wording, the Emancipation Proclamation was limited in many ways. It applied only to states that had seceded from the Union, leaving slavery untouched in the loyal Border States.

Although its effects were gradual, the Emancipation Proclamation fundamentally transformed the Civil War from a war to save the Union into a war for freedom. It placed the issue of slavery squarely atop the wartime agenda, adding moral force to the Union cause and strengthening the Union militarily and politically. After January 1, 1863, every Union victory meant freedom for more people.

The American Civil War as we know marked the beginning of the end to slavery and the beginning of many attributes to freedom around the world. This war, like many wars brought many loses includes but not limited casualties, debts, and the damage to various civilian property.
As history has been told, the United States of America (widely known as the Union or the North, who became loyal to the government) and the Confederate States of America (widely known as the Confederacy or the South, who made their own government), both had means of promoting patriotism. The most important medium was of course through music.This march has been deeply influenced by the usage of various well-known folk songs throughout the war, each being predominant in one area and vice versa. Those songs include, Simple Gifts (both), Dixieland (South), and Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean, (North) and the Battle Cry of Freedom (Both).

The "Battle Cry of Freedom", written in 1862 by American composer George Frederick Root (1820–1895) is a patriotic song advocating the cause of the Union. It became so popular that composer H. L. Schreiner and lyricist W. H. Barnes adapted it for the Confederacy. Such was the demand of the song, that the music publisher at one time had 14 printing presses going at one time and still could not keep up with demand! It is estimated that over 700,000 copies of this song were put in circulation. Due to the fact that it was very fitting for rallies (as some of the lyrics state), The Union version was used as the campaign song for the Lincoln- Johnson ticket in the 1864 presidential election. Not bad for entertaining the crowd. Due to its deep musical and historical connections, I felt it was most appropriate to use the Battle Cry of Freedom as the basis for this composition.
The origin of the name of the composition comes from the fact that I want the listener to imagine being “teleported” back to 1863 to a ceremonial military review. I want the listener to imagine these opposing forces, both placed on the same military field right in front of each, showcasing their strength, their colors, their personnel, their weaponry, and of course their music to the spectators from both sides of the country. All of the people in uniform in this ceremonial military review are recruited, or mustered, hence, Troops of the Mustered Armies.
All my research and said inspirations produced this military march. To the brave who have worn the uniforms to promote freedom, peace, and prosperity, I dedicate this to you all.


                                                                                                                               F R A N K    D U A R T E

                                                                                                                                       Fullerton, CA (2011)